2008-05-03

Freebsd下使用源码安装Apache2+Mysql5+PHP5(2)

Posted in PHP, Apache, FreeBSD/Unix服务器 at 13:15 Author:仲远

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在上一篇文章中,介绍了如何使用源码安装Apache2+Mysql5+PHP5,在安装完成后,还需要进行一些配置才能够使用。

In this lesson, we configure Apache and serve up a PHP page.

This document assumes:

This document also assumes that:

  • at least one domain name points to your server
    The one I’m using is example.com. Replace that with your domain in the references below.
  • your server has at least one static IP address
    The one I’m using is 10.20.111.2. Again, replace my example IP with your real IP below.

Let’s go…I promise this will be quick.

Make a home for your website


SSH to your server as the user ‘web’ and create the website root directory:

mkdir ~/www/example.com

Make a homepage for your site


You can later go back and upload a better site, but for now, we’ll just make a quick PHP-driven index page in the website root directory.

Use vi to create and open the index file:

vi ~/www/example.com/index.php

Add the following content:

<?php for ($i = 0; $i < 10; ++$i) { echo “I’m a new website
“; } ?>

Save and quit vi. Good. We have a web directory and a home page.

Edit Apache’s configuration file


We need to tell Apache where the new site is. I prefer using name-based Virtual Hosts

Use vi to create and open Apache’s config file, called httpd.conf:

vi ~/apache/conf/httpd.conf

Scroll to the bottom and add the following. (Remember, replace my example domain and IP with your real ones)

NameVirtualHost 10.20.111.2:80

# ——————————————————————- #
# example.com
# ——————————————————————- #

DocumentRoot /home/www/example.com
ServerName www.example.com
CustomLog “|/usr/local/apache/bin/rotatelogs /usr/local/apache/logs/example.com.log 604800″ combined
DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.htm


ServerName example.com
Redirect / http://www.example.com/

Start Apache


Starting and stopping apache requires SuperUser (root) privileges, so type su, and enter root’s password.

In case the web server was already running, we’ll try and stop it first. If you get an error about apache not running, don’t worry…

apachectl stop

Before starting or restarting Apache, I test any configuration edit’s I’ve made.

apachectl configtest

You should get, Syntax OK.

Finally, start the server:

apachectl start

In the future, after making Apache configuration changes, restart the server like this:

apachectl configtest apachectl graceful

That gracefully stops the server, re-reads the configuration, and starts up again.

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